Cybersecurity in Mozambique: Status and Challenges


  • Martina De Barros Universidade Pedagogica de Maputo



cybersecurity, Cyber-attacks, policy, standards, Mozambique


Digital technologies became one of the most important components of societies day to day life. In Africa, they brought several benefits as well as challenges. For instance, the number of cyber-crimes and cyber-attacks are increasing. Yet, not all 54 African countries have implemented proper cybersecurity measures such as the adoption of national cybersecurity strategy, technical and organizational measures, development of cyber capacity and fostering national and engaging in regional and international cooperation. However, the adoption of these measures are vital and imperative. Mozambique is one of these countries where these measures are lacking. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to give an overview of the current state of cybersecurity in Mozambique considering all of the aspects mentioned above. Additionally, this paper also aims to present some best practices that Mozambique can adopt to improve and intensify its cybersecurity commitments. The proposed recommendations are based on internationally recognized frameworks and models developed by entities such as the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and African Union (AU).