Development of critical thinking disposition using an online discussion board during a fully online course


  • Minoru Nakayama Tokyo Institute of Technology
  • Satoru Kikuchi Shinshu University
  • Hiroh Yamamoto Shinshu University



critical thinking, online discussion, student's characteristics, science and technology literacy, learning style


Online discussion is a key learning activity for developing literacy of critical thinking disposition (CTD). The effectiveness and activities of online discussion during a blended learning setting have been analysed. The aim of this paper is to extract student's characteristics during online discussions in a fully online course in order to invite more participants to join and to encourage discussion. The differences in student's characteristics and learning performance between online discussants and non-participants were statistically analysed. Key characteristics were extracted and discussed using regression analysis. Also, causal relationship of the development of literacy of CTD were extracted and the learning progress of online discussants was examined.

Author Biography

Minoru Nakayama, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Minoru Nakayama is a professor at Information and Communications Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. He completed the Master of Education program in 1985 From Tokyo Gakugei University, and received a Doctor of Engineering degree from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1990. His research concerns Human Visual Perception and Educational Technology.