What Previous Research Says About Virtual and Augmented Reality in Higher Education
Keywords:Virtual reality, augmented reality, higher education, systematic review
Virtual reality is a computer-generated environment with scenes and objects that appear to be real, making the user feel they are immersed in their surroundings. It is not a recent technology, nor is its application to education. Despite its popularity, it is not widely used in education because of its limitations including required technologies, the cost and etc. In order to gain a better understanding of how it is used in higher education so far and what the trends regarding courses and teaching methods in which virtual and augmented realities are integrated are, it is thought that it may be helpful to conduct a systematic review of the use of virtual reality in higher education.
This paper aims at contributing to an understanding of using virtual reality in higher education in the context of technology enhanced learning. So, it is designed as a systematic literature review with five steps. Those steps are description of research questions, searching for relevant published research, screening of those research, coding of them, and lastly analysing and mapping the data. Based on the data, it can be said that virtual and augmented realities in higher education have been mostly implemented in the medicine courses and simulations have been mostly implemented in virtual and augmented realities in higher education as teaching strategies.