Assessing the Effectiveness of ADS-B Mitigations




Automated Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B), Threats, Vulnerabilities, Mitigations, Critical Infrastructure


The rise in aerial traffic necessitates aircraft localisation methods that go beyond radar technology's built-in capabilities. The Automated Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) system is a novel aircraft localisation method that promises to provide the necessary precision to handle the current air traffic surge. The Federal Aviation Administration has, therefore, enforced ADS-B's deployment. However, the architecture of the ADS-B system holds several vulnerabilities. Most of these vulnerabilities are because ADS-B is designed to rely on wireless networks. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the ADS-B threat landscape and potential mitigations to better understand their distinct characteristics and impact on the ADS-B system. Addressing these security concerns is imperative to ensure ADS-B systems' robustness and trustworthiness and safeguard the aviation industry from potential cyber threats. The paper concludes with a critical review of how well the proposed mitigations address the identified security threats.

Author Biographies

Rudi Serfontein, North-West University

Dr Rudi Serfontein is a senior lecturer at the School for Computer Science and Information Systems at the North-West University, RSA. He received his PhD in Computer Science from the North-West University in 2020, and primarily conducts research within the field of information security risk management.

Marijke Coetzee, North-West University

Marijke Coetzee is a C2 NRF-rated researcher and is appointed as Professor at the School for Computer Science and Information Systems, North-West University. Her expertise lies in cybersecurity research. She has published more than 70 peer-reviewed journals and conference papers.