An Exploration on APTs in Biocybersecurity and Cyberbiosecurity


  • Xavier-Lewis Palmer old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
  • Lucas Potter old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
  • Saltuk Karahan old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA



Biocybersecurity, Cyberbiosecurity, Covid-19, Cybersecurity, Biosecurity, Biomanufacturing,, biocybersecurity, cyberbiosecurity, Covid-19, cybersecurity, biosecurity, biomanufacturing


Novel and complex digital threats that are increasingly interwoven with means and products of biology that can affect society. Much work in Biocybersecurity/Cyberbiosecurity (BCS/CBS) discuss vulnerabilities, but few deeply address malicious actor varieties as attacks at this intersection are new. The path to those attacks remains mostly theoretical, presenting considerable difficulty to accomplish in practical scenarios. In terms of advanced persistent threats (APTs) this of course needs to change as biomanufacturing facilities are at risk, considering Covid-19 and other potential pandemics. Further attacks are not out of reach and thus we must start to imagine how BCS APTs may appear. This paper in progress aims to open discussion regarding the definition of the concept BCS/CBS APTs and their implications, as well as create call to action for increased attention.