Indigenous Women Perspectives on Gender Equality and Feminism: A Case Study of Jahai Women in Peninsular Malaysia

Authors

  • Rafidah Abd Karim Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Tapah Campus
  • Ramlee Mustapha Sultan Idris Education University
  • Norwaliza Abdul Wahab Sultan Idris Education University
  • Mohd Hasrol Haffiz Aliasak Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Seri Iskandar Campus
  • Nurul Farhani Che Ghani Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Tapah Campus
  • Nurul Shatirah Zainol Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Seri Iskandar Campus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34190/icgr.7.1.2214

Keywords:

gender equality, feminism, indigenous society, Jahai women

Abstract

Most research on gender equality and feminism have been concentrated on non-indigenous women worldwide, with very few studies focusing specifically on Jahai tribe women. Indigenous women are important in advancing the ideas of feminism and gender equality within their societies. This paper is a case study focuses on the indigenous women which is the Jahai tribe women in Royal Belum State Park, Malaysia. In this case study, we explored Jahai women’s perspectives of gender equality and feminism aspects in this indigenous society. This case study employed a quantitative and a qualitative method for data collection. A total of 20 Jahai women were selected to complete a set of questionnaires and five of them were chosen for the in-depth interview. From the study, there were four main themes that emerged including socio- economic equality, equal treatment, gender responsibilities and egalitarian leadership and decision-making prospects. This research study was guided by the Transnational Feminism Theory and Theory of Gender Equality approach. The findings revealed that there was the similarities and distinctions perceptions in gender equality and feminism aspects among Jahai women. The study's conclusions shed new light on the gender equality and feminism interpretations and challenges those women in indigenous societies face. As a result, this study is important for future research since it adds to the body of knowledge about gender equality and concerns pertaining to indigenous women.

Author Biographies

Rafidah Abd Karim, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Tapah Campus

Rafidah Abd Karim is a senior lecturer at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. Her research interests include mobile learning, gender studies and indigenous studies. She leads national research grants in indigenous studies funded by Ministry of Higher Education and UiTM, Malaysia. She published about 60 publications at national and international levels.

Ramlee Mustapha, Sultan Idris Education University

Ramlee Mustapha is a Professor at Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Sultan Idris Education University (UPSI), Malaysia. In 2010, he was appointed as the Dean for Post-Graduate Studies. In 2017, he was appointed as the 5th President of the Asian Academic Society for Vocational Education and Training (AASVET).

Norwaliza Abdul Wahab, Sultan Idris Education University

Norwaliza Abdul Wahab is a senior lecturer at Department of Educational Studies, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia. Her interests include education, indigenous studies, indigenous pedagogy and social issues. She has published books and journals at national and international levels.

Mohd Hasrol Haffiz Aliasak, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Seri Iskandar Campus

Mohd Hasrol Haffiz Aliasak is a senior lecturer at Centre of Studies for Real Estate Management, Department of Built Environemnt and Technology Studies, College of Built Environment Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Seri Iskandar Campus, Perak, Malaysia. His interests include land administration and development, real estate valuation and appraisal.  

Nurul Farhani Che Ghani, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Tapah Campus

Nurul Farhani binti Che Ghani is an English lecturer at MARA University of Technology (UiTM), Malaysia. Her
research is situated in the field of English language, Humanities and Technology with a special focus on English as a second language, aboriginal studies and the use of technology in teaching and learning.

Nurul Shatirah Zainol, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch Seri Iskandar Campus

Nurul Shatirah Zainpl is a student of Master of Applied Language Studies and a graduate research assistant for a research grant project  at Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch, Malaysia. Her interests include language studies, gender studies and indigenous studies.

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Published

2024-04-18