Developing a Destination Management Information System: A Case Study of Ottawa, Canada




Smart Destination, Destination Management, Data-Driven Decision-Making, Knowledge Destination Framework Architecture, Destination Management Information System, Destination Marketing Organizations


Over the last decade, the concept of smart destination management has been gaining momentum (Boes et al, 2016; Buhalis and Amaranggana, 2013, 2015; Del Vecchio et al, 2018a; Gretzel et al, 2015; Ivars-Baidal et al, 2019; Lamsfus and Alzua-Sorzabal, 2013; Xiang et al, 2015). As the tourism industry seeks recovery from the devastations of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, several authors have argued that it is more important than ever for destinations to become “smart” in efforts to build back in a more sustainable and regenerative way (Abbas et al, 2021; Assaf and Scuderi, 2020). Though called on globally to guide destinations through this era of change and adaptation, Destination Marketing Organizations (DMOs) continue to struggle to obtain adequate and reliable data. Specifically, those representing smaller regions often lack the internal capacity to perform the analyses required to become smart destinations (Dodds and Butler, 2019; Dredge, 2016; Gretzel et al, 2006). While the literature has pointed to Destination Management Information Systems (DMISs) as the solution to smart destination management, current applications have been limited and evidence remains primarily anecdotal. Therefore, guided by Höpken et al’s (2011) Knowledge Destination Framework Architecture, this study aimed to develop and empirically test a DMIS for Ottawa Tourism in its capacity to support smart destination management. Findings indicated that while it serves as a valid process in the development of a DMIS, a DMIS’s capacity to support smart destination management is limited by the quality of its inputs. Opportunities for future knowledge generation and knowledge application in the tourism industry are discussed along with areas for future research.

Author Biographies

Michelle Novotny, Ryerson University

Michelle Novonty is a Masters of Science and Management student at the Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Canada. Michelle currently is interested in sustainability and event management. 

Rachel Dodds, Ryerson University

Rachel Dodds is a Professor at the Ted Rogers School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Ryerson University, Canada. Her work focuses on practical, applied management and the development of sustainable development of tourism. 



2022-05-11 — Updated on 2022-05-13