Digital Forensic in A Virtual World; A Case of Metaverse and VR


  • tayba al ali Zayed University
  • Sara Al Fulaiti Zayed University
  • Manal Abuzour Zayed University
  • Sheikha Almaqahami Zayed University
  • Richard Ikuesan Zayed University



metaverse forensics, metaverse security, virtual world forensics, metaverse forensic framework


Metaverse is a virtual space where users can interact with each other. It is a combination of virtual reality, augmented reality, and mixed reality. This evolving technology can offer many exciting opportunities that can be used for individuals and businesses. Although this technology has many advantages, people are misusing it for their benefit. Many cyberattacks are occurring in the metaverse world because it has various vulnerabilities and privacy issues. This paper explains four cyberattacks and a case scenario of each attack as it relates to the metaverse. Additionally, this study developed a metaverse forensic framework that can be used to investigate cyberattacks in the metaverse world. Furthermore, this study describes how forensic examiners can conduct a forensic investigation using state-of-the-art forensic solutions and tools. The developed framework can be used by forensic examiners, security researchers, as well as the general scientific community for the security of the metaverse.