A Reflection on Typology and Verification Flaws in consideration of Biocybersecurity/Cyberbiosecurity: Just Another Gap in the Wall


  • Luke Potter BiosView Labs
  • Kim Mossberg BiosView, Oswego, USA. Cyber Solutions Academy, Franklin, USA
  • Xavier Palmer BiosView, Oswego, USA. Cyber Solutions Academy, Franklin, USA




Verification is central to any process in a functional and enduring cyber-secure organization. This verification is
how the validity or accuracy of a state of being is assessed (Schlick, 1936; Balci, 1998). Conversely, breakdown
in verification procedures is core to the interruption of normal operations for an organization. A key problem
for organizations that utilize biology as an interlock within their systems is that personnel lack sufficient ability
to verify all practically relevant biological information for procedures such as a nurse logging a blood draw, or a
molecular biology technician preparing agar to culture microbes for study. This has several implications, one of
which is our diminished ability to approximate and defend against emerging biologically-linked cyberthreats.
These could be in the form of mis- or dis-information, contaminants, or calculated threats to vital supplies.
Two important questions to ask are: “What may be the implications of diminished ability to undergo strict
verification measures (such as triple redundancy and technological distancing).” And “how does this impact
our ability to anticipate and make changes for verification of biological processes?” This paper aims to discuss
key areas where verification gaps exist and how to bridgethos gaps. Towards this, we cover data integrity,
implications of the lack of verification, triple redundancy, technological distancing, biosafety concerns, and
more. All of this will factor into the ability of organizations with proximity to biosecurity to anticipate national
changes to biological processes that are nationally relevant.