Collaborative Knowledge Building and Social Capital in Gender-Based Violence, Northern Iraq


  • Goran Yousif Ismael NOBEL Institute, Department of business Administration, Northern Iraq (Erbil)



Gender based Violence (GBV), Social Capital, Collaborative knowledge building, crisis, crisis preparedness


As the number of COVID-19 continue to increase exponentially in an alarming rate, so as the number increase in Gender-based Violence (GBV). Different authorities and human right groups have making effort to tackle the increase in GBV but still more need to be done. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of collaborative knowledge building and social capital in the fight against gender-based violence. To analyse this issue, the study developed a model with 3 constructs; social capital, Crisis preparedness and collaborative knowledge building. The data generated from the survey was analysed using statistical tools in SPSS and model fitness was tested based on reliability and validity. The study’s findings indicate that 69% of the respondents believe that women are at risk of increase in domestic gender-based violence due to the pandemic. Respondent’s perceptions on collaborative knowledge building and social capital varies significantly. The hypothesis testing has shown that all the hypothesis is supported due to attainment of path coefficient greater than 0.1, t-value of greater than 1.96 and level of significance of above 0.05.