Gender Differentials for Participation in Producer Organization Among Smallholder Farmers: Evidence from Nigeria


  • Oluwatosin Adewusi University of Ibadan
  • Prof. V.O Okoruwa University of Ibadan
  • Prof. K.K Salman
  • Dr O. Alawode University of Ibadan
  • Oluwafemi Adewusi University of Kent



Participation, Producer Organization, Gender, Fairlie decomposition, Nigeria


Linking smallholder farmers to formal markets through producer organizations is increasingly becoming a pathway toward agricultural inclusivity. This study investigated the disparities in participation between male and female groups in Nigeria. Data was collected from  604 farmers and decomposition analysis for three gender categories was carried out using the Fairlie decomposition technique. The results showed a 24.2% higher actual mean probability of participation for males over females and a 20.1% actual mean probability higher for male-headed households compared to female-headed households. There was also a 27.59% actual mean probability higher for the de facto female-headed households over de jure female-headed households. Diverse factors were found to push the gender gap at various magnitudes. Interventions targeting gender equality should be entrenched in understanding the social and cultural practices and norms in Nigeria.