Examining the Impact of Intra-group or Inter-group Social Capital on Innovative Climate in Enterprises of the Innovation Sector
Keywords:inter-group social capital, knowledge, innovativeness, innovative climate
One of the significant factors that have an impact on the level of innovativeness is that of the intra-group social capital and inter-group social capital. Both of these types of social capital support the innovative climate and may constitute a key attribute in creating new knowledge and innovation, which in turn increases the opportunities of enterprises in terms of market competition. The acceptance of the assumption that social capital has an impact on the creation of the innovative climate in enterprises facilitated the formulation of the research aim, which was to search for answers to the following three research questions: What is the scope of occurrence of the intra-group and inter-group of social capital in enterprises in the innovative sector in Poland? To what extent does the intra-group and inter-group of social capital have an impact on the processes that are favourable to creating knowledge and innovation in enterprises? To what extent does the intra-group and inter-group of social capital have an impact on the creating the innovative climate in enterprises? The assumed goal was executed thanks to the application of the survey method. Empirical research, together with the use of a standardized questionnaire was conducted by means of the CATI technique in 2022. A total of 575 department heads and employees of the innovative sector participated in the research. As a result of the research, significant statistical relations were discovered between the intra-group and inter-group of social capital and the indicators of the innovative climate. Likewise, the positive impact of their attributes on the intra-organizational processes was illustrated, which are favourable towards the creation of knowledge and innovation.
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