Intellectual Capital for Enhancing Sustainable Industrialization: Towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 9

Authors

  • Maria Cabrita NOVA School of Science and Technology
  • Lina Užienė Kaunas University of Technology School of Economics and Business Gedimino st. 50, 334, LT-44239 Kaunas, Lithuania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5568-4433
  • Alexeis Garcia-Perez Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0718-5645
  • Jose Maria Viedma Polytechnic University of Catalonia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34190/eckm.24.1.1288

Keywords:

intellectual capital, sustainable development, sustainable development goal (SDG) 9, sustainable industry, innovation, resilient infrastructure

Abstract

Intellectual Capital (IC) has played a major role in driving growth, competitiveness, and sustainability over decades, improving people’s well-being and the economic performance of businesses. At the same time, the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have emerged as an integrated approach to sustainable development principles of people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership, which represent one of the most urgent challenges in our times. The industrial sector is particularly challenged to adopt a sustainable approach to solving development issues by addressing the SDGs. Sustainable Development Goal 9 (SDG 9) is built on three interconnected pillars: infrastructure, industry, and innovation, all of which are strongly interconnected, sharing the common mission of achieving socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable economic development. By adopting SDG 9 and its related targets, the global community can benefit from an industrial development that is inclusive and sustainable, with an impact on all other SDGs. From a strategic perspective, IC is predominantly studied as a bundle of intangibles that creates value, thus embodying a set of resources that are decisive in sustaining competitive advantage, which is necessary for sustainability and for ensuring people’s well-being and economic growth, in line with SDGs. Despite an increasing number of studies exploring the links between IC and sustainability, a major gap emerges in what concerns the influence of IC on achieving SDGs in specific or interconnected goals. Based on the relevant literature, the aim of this paper is to explore how the characteristics of the IC can foster the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, specifically, the sustainable and innovative development of organizations by adopting Goal 9 and its targets. This paper contributes to the literature on IC as a driver for SDGs. In more detail, it opens some avenues for future research on strengthening capabilities to solve development challenges, involving different actors, stakeholders, sectors, and regions.

Author Biographies

Lina Užienė, Kaunas University of Technology School of Economics and Business Gedimino st. 50, 334, LT-44239 Kaunas, Lithuania

Lina Užienė is an Associate Professor at the School of Economics and Business, Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania. Her main scientific interests lie in intellectual capital management and national policy based on the management of intellectual resources. She is an author of several academic publications and a research manager focused on the impact of digital transformation.

Alexeis Garcia-Perez , Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK

Alexeis Garcia-Perez is a Professor of Management Information Systems at Coventry University (UK) and Visiting Research Scholar at Georgetown University (USA). His socio-technical understanding of Information Systems has enabled Alexeis’s efforts to address the wider challenges of data, information, and knowledge management in business and society

Jose Maria Viedma, Polytechnic University of Catalonia

José M. VIedma Marti. Doctor of Industrial Engineering, Graduate in Economics, and Emeritus Professor at the U.P.C., Barcelona, Spain. His current field of research and interest is focused on the strategic perspective of Knowledge Management, Intellectual Capital, and knowledge Based-Development and he has consulted and developed management frameworks and systems worldwide on those matters.

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Published

2023-09-05