The Possible Role of Digital Platforms in Information Operations




information operations, social media, internet, value framing, influencers


We have less knowledge of digital platforms in relation to credible information, news, and information operations among young people. While young people use digital platforms, do they consider themselves targets of information operations, false information, and news? The results tell us that young people use various digital platforms as sources of credible information and news. Young participants said they could never fall prey to fake news and information operations while trusting content creators, such as influencers on digital platforms, without verifying their agendas, backgrounds, funding, or motives. No one wondered if, at any point, any influencers might work for a hostile actor, entity, or state. Misinformation and disinformation, or fake news and information operations, did not concern young people. Confirmation biases were never admitted, since young participants trusted their instincts to find truthful information and news. The power of AI, machine learning, algorithms, advertising, bots, and influencers was discussed to a lesser degree. At worst, this has implications for democratic states.

Author Biography

Niina Meriläinen, Tampere University

Docent in Political Science and researcher. My research focuses on explorative multidisciplinary communication, information operations and media, human rights, and power relations research. Specific research areas are information operations, selective realities, credibility and legitimacy, framing and agenda setting/vetting on analogic and digital platforms, and political and social decision-making.