An Assessment of Cultural Places of Interest in Tshwane to Inform a Tourism Shift From Colonial to Indigenous Towards Decolonisation




Artefacts, Cultural, Decolonisation, Indigenous, Tourism shift


This paper continues from the premise that the built form of the South African post-apartheid city continues to perpetuate the paradigm that only the colonial culture is available for tourist consumption. South Africa is a culturally diverse country that provides tourism to an international tourist market that seeks diverse cultural experiences. However, with most African cultural artefacts found encased in colonial architecture museums, questions arise regarding the authenticity of the cultural experience and the appropriate cultural representation in built form. This paper provides recommendations towards the transformation of the post-apartheid city following an assessment of the current tourist attractions that host cultural artefacts and serve as tourist attractions. Most of this data exists, and this paper investigates, collates and assesses the data based on these criteria: colonial and indigenous, restricted, and accessible, and static or transformative. The collated data is presented in urban mapping and architectural illustrations. The study is focused on the City of Tshwane in South Africa. Selected case studies are presented. The findings indicate a substantial under-representation in the City of Tshwane of what this paper argues to be culturally appropriate tourist attractions. This paper argues that there is a market for the consumption of culture as an experience away from colonial towards indigenous.

Author Biographies

Luthando Thomas, Department of Architecture, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Luthando Thomas holds a MArch Architecture from the Tshwane University of Technology. He is a lecturer and researcher at the University of Pretoria, Department of Architecture. Luthando has a socialist disposition. He puts above all else a dedication to progressing Africa and its people through an inquiry into indigenous knowledge systems as a source for decolonisation within current and future South Africa.

Tlhologello Sesana, Practitioner

Tlhologello Sesana is a co founder of Sesana Sesana Studio a start-up which specializes in architectural incantations. She holds an MArch Architecture from Tshwane University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Industrial Design, where she now is a Lecturer. Tlhologello is also lecturing at the University of Johannesburg.

Francine van Tonder, Department of Architecture, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Francine van Tonder is an aspiring academic, author and researcher. She holds two degrees in Architecture from Tshwane University of Technology and a Master’s degree in Business Leadership from The University of South Africa. As a self-proclaimed lifelong student, she lectures and examines at various university departments.