Trait Emotional Intelligence & Leadership: A study of managers and employees




Trait Emotional Intelligence, Transformational Leadership, connection, managers, employees, organizations


Over the past 30 years, Emotional Intelligence has been gaining ground in the field of business and management. Much has been written about the importance of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in leadership, which overlaps with the concept of management (Young & Dulewicz, 2008). Although, there are many researches into the connection between leadership and emotional intelligence, there seems to be a research gap between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership (TL). This study examines the effects of the factors of Trait EI (emotionality, self–control, sociability, well–being, adaptability and motivation) (TraitEI, 2021; Petrides, 2009) on the dimensions of Transformational Leadership (vision, inspirational communication, supportive leadership, intellectual stimulation, personal recognition) (Rafferty and Griffin, 2004). Two groups were surveyed for this study. One (with 74 participants) consisted of managers who work in public or private sector’ organizations. The other sample (with 120 participants) consisted of employees who work in public or private sector’ organizations. The aim of the study was to investigate the connection between Trait EI and Transformational Leadership from the manager’s point of view, and from the employees’ point of view. Are there any differences between those two points of view? Are there any differences between Trait EI and Transformational Leadership due to the sectors (private – public) of the organizations? The tools used in this research include the following: a) Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEI-QUE SF) by Petrides (2009) and b) Rafferty’s and Griffin’s (2004) Five Dimensions of Transformational Leadership Test. The current paper hopes to contribute to the comprehension of the linkage among Trait EI and TL on Greek organizations managers’, and trigger future empirical research in the area.            

Author Biographies

Ioannis Rossidis

Dr Ioannis F. Rossidis is a Lecturer in Hellenic Open University holding a Phd in Public Management from Panteion University. Dr. Rossidis over the last decade, has been teaching in undergraduate and post graduate programs in various Greek and Cypriot Universities. Dr. Rossidis has also worked as Financial Director in the Hellenic Quality Assurance& Accreditation Agency, as executive in Ministry of Finance, Piraeus Bank and ATE Bank and as manager in Leivatho Hotel (4star). Dr. Rossidis, has contributed to various conferences and has authored numerous published papers and books. His research interests are public management, public administration, administrative science, change management.

Dimitrios Belias

Dr Dimitrios A. Belias is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Business Administration, School of Management and Economics, at the University of Thessaly, Greece, with the subject " Organization and Services Management in the Tourist Market ". His research interests are in the areas of Management, Human Resource Management, Organizational Behaviour, Tourism Business Administration, Educational Management, Service Quality and Tourism and Hospitality Management. He has published 1 book and 52 chapters in books on Service Management, Organizational Behaviour and Tourism and Hospitality Management, 70 articles in national and international peer-reviewed journals, and has more than 70 conference presentations in the areas of organization behaviour, human resource management, Organization and Services Management and Tourism and Hospitality Management. His work is internationally recognized as it has more than 1.700 references and i10-index 28 (PorP). Currently he is member in many scientific and professional bodies.