Factors Influencing the Human Talent Recruitment Process in Private Companies: A Systematic Review
Keywords:Human Talent, Human Capital, Recruitment
Over time, organizations have made important changes with respect to the perspectives of human capital management, going from being a resource that is easy to replace to a resource with a sustainable vision in the company. Changing situations and technological advances have allowed organizations to give due importance to human participation, since it is a resource that, through its activities, makes the achievement of objectives possible. Therefore, organizations consider that the recruitment process must go through more demanding filters where the productive factors possessed by human talent are reliably captured. The present review has been submitted to databases such as: Dialnet, Redalyc, Scielo and Scopus, obtaining 25 articles, Redalyc had a greater contribution with 48% and the countries with greater implication for the study were Ecuador and Peru with 24%, the methodological design with greater use in the literatures was quantitative with 48% and the most used instrument was the questionnaire with 52%. Likewise, to detail the search procedure, the PRISMA 2020 diagram was used, and from a total of 3411 articles, a total of 2857 was excluded between non-retrieved and ineligible reports, arriving later under a final filter to a total of 25 articles. In conclusion, the results showed that the most influential factors in the recruitment process were education; where relevance is given to knowledge and professional and specialized training for effective decision making around their functions; on the other hand, work experience that links the technical and practical aspect of the collaborator who seeks efficiency in the processes; finally, the psychological traits that reflect the emotional balance and management of pressure situations and soft skills that affect productivity and performance. This research contributes to future researchers to identify the most used parameters in human recruitment processes for success and consistency in business decision making.